Key takeaways from 1-1 Management Meeting with China Animal

Late last year around December, China Animal[1] (“CAL”) has been quite a “hot” stock where daily volume surged more than 10m shares for 12 out of the 23 trading sessions in December. Its share price also hit a record intraday high of $0.425 since its reverse take over of Colorland Animation Limited on 29 Dec 2007. However, excitement over the stock fizzled off and its share price has dropped 31% year to date. CAL has also been keeping a low profile for the past few months. It was indeed fortuitous that I have the chance to meet CAL’s management, namely Mr Edwin Goh, Chief Financial Officer and Ms Toh Ching Chien, Financial Controller (collectively “Management”) on a 1-1 discussion.
Edwin started by sharing with me how he first met CAL’s CEO, Mr Wang Yangang when he was still in an audit firm. He was impressed with Mr Wang’s dedication to the business and the drive to grow the business. He said that Mr Wang, unlike other Chinese entrepreneurs, does not have other investments such as property. Thus, he is fully dedicated to his business and he actually bought two large chunks of shares on 8 and 9 Jul 2010, amounting to a total of 31.3m shares on the open market (partly because he has no other avenues of investment and also due to his confidence in his company). According to filings, Mr Wang owns about 53.34% of CAL.
Bird Flu Vaccine – Still in the pipeline, despite no indication in 2QFY11 results
I brought up the question that CAL has indicated the intention to acquire the bird flu vaccine since its 4QFY10 results. However, there was no mention of such intention in their 2QFY11 results release. Management replied that they are, and continue to have such intention of acquiring the bird flu vaccine. However, when this will materialise depends on China’s Ministry of Agriculture (“MOA”). This is because MOA has to issue licences for new vaccines. Once this is issued, the research firms with the licences have to outsource, or partner with manufacturers (such as China Animal) to manufacture the vaccines. As there is no major outbreak of bird flu (i.e. existing bird flu vaccine is still virulent), MOA has no urgency to issue new licences. Management added that CAL has enough promising growth drivers and they would prefer to grow their existing portfolio of mandatory vaccines especially Hand Foot and Mouth vaccine (“FMD”), before acquiring another new vaccine.
Bird Flu Vaccine – acquisition cost should be between that of FMD and PRRS vaccine
Due to the reasons above, management does not have a “number” in mind. However, management shared with me their thought process if such acquisition eventually arises. They told me that the acquisition cost should be a function of the market size, as well as the number of existing players in the market. A good indication should be between Antai’s and Jianxiang’s acquisition cost. Please see Table 1 below.
Table 1: Acquisitions to expand mandatory vaccines
Dec 2008
Acquired 60% Biwei Antai (FMD vaccine)
RMB 288m
Feb 2010
Acquired 100% Jianxiang Hemu (PRRS vaccine)
RMB 210m
Bird Flu Vaccine
Probably between 210m & 280m

Source: Kim Eng; Ernest’s compilations

More about the semi-annual vaccine bidding process
CAL participates in the semi-annual tender (every Feb and Aug) for their mandatory vaccines. The bulk of the vaccines would be delivered in the subsequent two quarters (i.e. Mar to Sep for Feb tender) but cash is only collected at the end of the year. Consequently, CAL’s cash conversion cycle is likely to increase with more contributions from the mandatory vaccines segment. It is also noteworthy that bidding patterns varies from year to year and across provinces, thus it is difficult to comment on whether Oct tender is typically larger than Feb tender. 
FMD vaccine – Differentiates via superior technology
CAL’s FMD vaccine differentiates from its competitors on technology. It uses a production methodology (accepted overseas) that makes use of suspension cells to mass produce FMD vaccine in bioreactors at their production facility developed by Dr Wu Hua, lead scientist of Biwei Antai.
According to management, this technology is superior to the other five players. However, as CAL only started to sell the FMD vaccine via its Feb tender, time is required as the provinces have to take some time to assess the efficacy of the FMD vaccine. Although management envisaged strong growth of FMD vaccine this year (albeit from a low base), management concedes that it may take approximately another year to achieve a 15-20% market share in FMD. (Note: FMD market is worth about RMB1.2b and shared by six players, including CAL)
Exploring opportunities to export FMD vaccine
Management updated that CAL is exploring opportunities to export FMD vaccine and to their knowledge, CAL has been “passing the various levels of tests by the foreign company”. As the potential customer is a very big company, there are many levels and people to “discuss and pass” before a deal can be finalised. Thus, they are unable to give any indicative time line but they are optimistic about the progress.
Besides FMD vaccine, I queried management on whether they have considered exporting vaccines such as PRRS or swine fever, or even powdered drugs. Management replied that it would be easier to export FMD vaccine (rather than the other vaccines) as the technology which they use to produce the vaccine is accepted overseas.

 “We remain optimistic on the

biological drug segment esp
the FMD vaccines.”
Edwin Goh, CFO said.

Swine Fever – Also a mandatory vaccine but more competitors
Swine fever vaccines contributed about RMB32m, or 5% to FY10 revenue. This seemed to be immaterial even though CAL has been producing swine fever vaccines since 2009. Management explained that although the swine fever vaccine market is also worth RMB1.2b (similar to that of FMD), there are about 30 players, thus, on average, a player should get between RMB30-40m of swine fever vaccines. (For swine fever vaccine, CAL’s technology is similar to the other competitors.)
Is CAL going to form an association to represent the S chip sector?
According to a 1 July 2011 Reuters Article, it was reported that more than 20 S chips including CAL are looking to form an association to represent the S chip sector. Management said that there is currently no plan to form an association.
Management shared with me that historically, 2H turnover is stronger than that of 1H in the ratio of 60:40. 2H may be stronger this year as FMD and PRRS vaccines gain traction. In addition, CAL’s core operations such as their powdered drugs are also growing.
Equity raising – unlikely except for…
Management indicated that it is unlikely that CAL would be doing an equity raising to raise cash as they currently have RMB560m in cash and cash equivalents (in fact, the proceeds from Blackstone are still sitting in CAL’s banks). Besides, they are unlikely to have any major capital spending as their business operations are running at low utilization rates (50-60% for powdered drugs; 30-40% for injection drugs)[2] Nevertheless, they may consider to issue shares under the following two scenarios:
a) They intend to acquire the bird flu vaccine;
b) They want to increase the free float in Hong Kong to attract more investor interest. According to management, funds and investors are interested to buy their shares traded in Hong Kong. However, due to the limited free float (most of the shares are held by CEO, Mr Wang), the funds are unable to gain exposure into CAL.
Undemanding valuations vis-à-vis its peers
With reference to Table 2, CAL trades at a substantial discount to its peers. For the next two quarters, much attention would be focused on their biological drugs, especially the FMD vaccines on whether CAL can grow this segment quickly. If CAL can ramp up the FMD sales significantly in Aug vaccine tender or / and if they can clinch the orders to export their FMD vaccine, it would be a substantial boost to management’s credibility and (likely) to its share price.

Table 2: CAL’s valuations against peers
Short Name
Last Px
Analyst TP
1 Yr high
1 Yr low
Adj Mkt Cap (S$m)
ROE (%)
Fwd Div Yield (%)
China Animal
Jiangxi Zhengb-A
Xinjiang Tian -A
China Animal-A
Average ex China Animal
Source: Bloomberg as of 16 Sep 11

[1]Please refer to Appendices 1 & 2 for more information on CAL.
[2]Utilization rates are calculated based on actual production / production capacity where production capacity is determined based on the assumption that the facilities are run on one 8 hour shift. The mandatory vaccines (especially FMD) are at a preliminary phase and thus utilization rates are insignificant at this time.
Appendix 1: Description and key statistics of CAL
Source: Bloomberg as of 16 Sep 11
Appendix 2: Average analyst target price for CAL
Source: Bloomberg as of 16 Sep 11
The information contained herein is the writer’s personal opinion and is provided to you for information only and is not intended to or nor will it create/induce the creation of any binding legal relations. The information or opinions provided herein do not constitute an investment advice, an offer or solicitation to subscribe for, purchase or sell the investment product(s) mentioned herein. It does not have any regard to your specific investment objectives, financial situation and any of your particular needs. Accordingly, no warranty whatsoever is given and no liability whatsoever is accepted for any loss arising whether directly or indirectly as a result of this information. Investments are subject to investment risks including possible loss of the principal amount invested. The value of the product and the income from them may fall as well as rise. You may wish to seek advice from an independent financial adviser before making a commitment to purchase or invest in the investment product(s) mentioned herein. In the event that you choose not to do so, you should consider whether the investment product(s) mentioned herein are suitable for you. The writer will not, in any event, be liable to you for any direct/indirect or any other damages of any kind arising from or in connection with your reliance on any information in and/or materials appended herein. The information and/or materials are provided “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied.  In particular, no warranty regarding accuracy or fitness for a purpose is given in connection with such information and materials.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *